Perisitwa volcanoes, especially in Indonesia is very often the case . Even some historians earthquake records mention that the big and terrible eruption had occurred several times in this country . TIME magazine , make a list of the most famous mountains worldwide and the damage they cause .
Child of Krakatoa
Child of Krakatoa
1 . Mount Vesuvius
This active volcano is located in the bay Maples in southern Italy . As far as is known , Vesuvius has erupted 30 times .
The most famous eruption occurred in 78 AD , the eruption of lava and ash for days , burying Pompeii and Stabiae in ash . Pompeii lost for 1,600 years . A writer , Pliny the Younger ( Pliny the Younger ) describe the sudden eruption was followed by a thick veil of dust that dropped people who tried to flee . The death toll from the actual eruptions is not known , but menudur archaeologists , there are approximately 1,000 people .
2 . Krakatau
In 1883 , Krakatoa erupted . Strength is menggerikan , 13,000 times the power of the atomic bomb . Rumbling sound of explosions and spewed rocks could be heard from a distance of thousands of miles – even to small islands in the East African sea .
Hundreds of people on the island of Sumatra, was killed instantly when the heat hit their house dust . Tempest did not stop there . Krakatau eruption triggered a mega – tsunami . It is estimated that more than 36,000 people were killed at that time . And many victims who could not be buried .
After the eruption, Krakatoa sank into the sea , but after realizing that the new island appeared in the same mlokasi in 1927 and issued occasional bursts of lava . It is called Anak Krakatau .
3 . St Helens
The mountain is most famous for the eruption that occurred on May 18, 1980 . The eruption is the worst volcanic eruption in terms of both the strength of the eruption as well as economic losses in the history of the United States . 57 people were killed , and the top of the mountain was reduced from 2,950 meters to 2,550 m . Location eruption is now a National Monument Volcano Mt . Helens .
4 . Tambora
Data Volcanic explosivity index ( VEI ) , an index similar eruption on the Richter scale for measuring the strength of the earthquake – there is on a scale of 1-8 .
The eruption of Mount Tambora in 1815 is on a scale of 7 . That means very damaging . Tambora blast making Sumbawa and surrounding areas are in darkness . Tens of thousands of people were killed by the eruption , tsunami , followed later , hunger and disease .
The strength of the eruption of Tambora was the largest ever recorded in history . Hot spurt pierce the atmosphere and global climate change . There was no summer in 1816 in Europe and North America – ” the year without summer ‘ . Tambora down into the ground a few thousand feet , leaving a large crater at its peak .
5 . Mauna Loa
Is the largest volcano in the world in terms of – and one of five volcanoes that form the Island of Hawaii in the United States and the State of Hawaii in the Pacific Ocean . He is an active shield volcano , with a volume estimated at approximately 18,000 cubic miles .
Mauna Loa is one of the most active in the world . Since 1843, Mauna Loa has erupted 33 times , the last in 1984 .
6 . Eyjafjallajokull
Although not many people can pronounce the name correctly and smoothly , the eruption of Mount Eyjafjallajokull in Iceland belching volcanic ash dizzying , because messing European air traffic .
Thousands of passengers stranded at the airport , disrupted economies , agricultural commodities rot because they can not be sent .
The first eruption of this mountain took place on 20 March. But the next eruption , April 14, that cause havoc . Airline industry loss of U.S. $ 1 billion .
7 . Mount Pelee
Mount Pelee with a height of over 4,500 feet is located in the French territory of Martinique , best known for its eruption in May 1902 , is estimated to cost the lives of more than 30,000 people and destroyed St. Pierre .
8 . Thera
Around 3,500 years ago , a major disaster i rocked the Mediterranean . Volcano in Thera ( later known as the Greek island of Santorini ) exploded with what was estimated at four to five times the power of the eruption of Krakatoa in 1883 .
Massive eruption of Thera led to the extinction of the Minoan culture . Also provide ispirasi in Ancient Greek culture .
One of them , the legend of ” The Lost Atlantis ” or ” Atlantis the Lost Continent . “
9 . Nevado del Ruiz
Eruptions are actually tiny , only 3 per cent compared generating ejected ash of Mount St Helens in 1980 .
However , the 1985 eruption produced lava that buried the town and caused the death of 23,000 people – the deadliest to duua in the 20th century . This event is called the tragedy of Armero . Nevado del Ruiz called ” sleeping lion ” by the locals .
10 . Mount Pinatubo
Located on the island of Luzon , Philippines . The mountain erupted in 1991 , more than 490 years after the eruption of activity last seen . It is the second largest eruption of the 20th century .
The successful prediction of eruptions that tens of thousands of people to flee and save many lives . But the area around the mountain is destroyed by pyroclastic flows , ash and lava